• 07 OCT 16
    • 0

    Toe Pain

    Toe Pain

    Gout, which is a form of arthritis, can causes pain in the toes. Crystals collect in toe joints, causing severe pain and swelling. The big toe is often affected.

    To treat it:

    • Rest the foot.
    • Ice the area.
    • Take medication such as colchicine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or prednisone
    • Avoid foods that can make gout worse.

    A bunion is a bony bulge along the edge of the foot, next to the base of the big toe. It’s associated with misalignment of the first toe joint. Anyone can get them, especially if they wear ill-fitting or uncomfortable shoes. It often shows up as people age. People with bunions often also have hammertoes as well. Try changing to more comfortable shoes or wearing shoe inserts. If you’re still in pain, your doctor may suggest surgery.

    A hammertoe is when your second, third, or fourth toe bends at the middle joint, creating a hammer-like appearance. It can come from a muscle imbalance, but it can also be brought on by wearing ill-fitting shoes.

    Your doctor will likely recommend you wear shoes with a wide, deep toe bed. She may also give you exercises to stretch your toe muscles. If you still have problems, you can talk to your doctor about surgery.

    Claw toe is when your toe points down or up and is unable to straighten. It’s often the result of nerve damage from diseases like diabetes or alcoholism, which weakens the muscles in your foot. Without special footwear to accommodate the claw toe, you may develop irritation and calluses.

    To treat it:

    • Change to better-fitting footwear. Avoid high heels and tight shoes.
    • Do stretches for your toes and toe joints.
    • Try shoe inserts.
    • Ask your doctor about surgery.

    An ingrown toenail is when skin on one or both sides of a toenail grow over the nail. It can be painful and may lead to infections.

    To treat it:

    • Soak the foot in warm water four times a day.
    • Once daily, wedge a piece of gauze between the nail and wet skin.
    • If these treatments don’t work, see a doctor.

    Turf toe is when you feel pain at the base of the big toe. It’s an overuse injury usually caused by strain. Turf toe may also be a form of sesamoiditis or a sesamoid fracture.

    A toe sprain may happen when you jam or stub your toe, damaging the tendon or soft tissues of the toe. If you don’t have a fracture, the pain and swelling should go away within days.

    A toe fracture, or broken bone, can happen in any of the bones of the toes. Minor fractures may only require rest, ice, and pain relievers. Serious fractures may need surgery. Go to a doctor to be sure.

    Hallux rigidus (stiff big toe) is a type of arthritis at the base of the big toe. Symptoms are pain and stiffness of the joint that worsens over time. Treatment can include pain relievers and stretching exercises. Surgery may be needed in some cases.

    Corns and calluses. Corns are thick buildups of tough skin on a point of irritation or pressure on the foot or toe. They sometimes look like horns. Calluses are wider areas of tough skin buildup on the toes or feet. They happens as a result of irritation or pressure. Calluses and corns are generally caused by poor-fitting footwear.

    To treat them:

    • Wear better-fitting shoes.
    • Soak the foot and use a pumice stone to wear down the extra skin.

    A sesamoid fracture is a break in the small bones (sesamoids) that are embedded in tendons attached to the big toe. Pain in and around the big toe is the main symptom.

    To treat it:

    • Rest, ice, and elevate your foot.
    • Wear stiff-soled shoes or foot pads to relieve pressure.
    • Take pain relievers.
    • If you’re still in pain, talk to your doctor.
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